How to see the documents covered in this guide?
Exactly how many are online?
1. Why make use of this guide?
You want to find out whether a record of the award and why it was awarded exist, this guide will be of use if you know of an individual who received a British military medal or award for an act of bravery, gallantry or for meritorious service between 1854 and c1990 and. Among the list of many medals and honors included in the guide would be the:
For suggestions about civilian gallantry honors consult our Civilian gallantry medals guide. You will find split documents for the honor of campaign medals (granted solely for service) вЂ“ see our Uk Army campaign and solution medals guide for suggestions about finding these.
2. The records of gallantry medals and prizes
2.1 Public notices
Virtually all gallantry honors to Uk nationals are publicly established when you look at the government that is official, the London Gazette. This general public statement is usually the only record that endures of a honor. Notices additionally showed up, where appropriate, into the dominion or colonial gazettes.
2.2 suggestions and citations
A suggestion is really a statement that is full often given by a commanding officer, of why a medal ought to be granted to a person.
A citation is a short official statement, obtained from the suggestion, of why a medal ended up being granted.
Whether an archive of a citation or a recommendation survives depends, mainly, in the sort of prize. Sometimes citations are published within the London Gazette although not constantly during the exact same date as the statement. A citation or suggestion may often endure into the solution record associated with the person.
For a few medals you can find registers and listings of recipients addressing a war that is specific 12 months or selection of years.
3. What are documents
Learn the best place to try to find documents of a medal that is particular consulting the dining table below. Listed here basic advice will additionally help you to get started:
3.1 on line records
In some instances, to see records you will have to find document sources and either purchase copies or check us out to look at the initial papers in individual. Listed here documents, nevertheless, can be looked at or downloaded on the web.
3.2 fundamental search methods for finding initial papers
You should use our catalogue to look for records. Re Search aided by the name of the medal utilising the search that is advanced target the documents associated with particular record departments for every branch regarding the army, the following.
3.3 Public notices and posted citations
In many instances Kik profile search, the best spot to start out could be the London Gazette, available in the Gazette web site, though for most medals a citation had not been posted (start to see the dining table below for medal-by-medal details). It is possible to search the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book date and kind of prize. You will need to find out approximately once the honor ended up being announced or вЂgazettedвЂ™. There is constantly a wait between the gallant deed, the award that is actual of medal, and book within the London Gazette. The Gazette indexes offered at The National Archives can help establish a night out together.
3.4 guidelines, registers and unpublished citations
Check posted sources, like those into the further reading area of this guide, as they may provide exact document references and additional information before you start a search for records of recommendations or citations. The dining table below provides links to your record series many very likely to include home elevators specific honors.
3.5 dining dining Table of record sources for gallantry medals
Click the London Gazette links to locate the Gazette by title, solution quantity, book type and date of award. Click the document series sources and search by title of medal. The records that are online be searched by title of recipient.
Footnotes: (1) guidelines in AIR 2 are arranged by old Air Ministry file guide quantity, maybe perhaps not name. Contact the Ministry of Defence whom could possibly provide you with the file guide.
Be aware that medals released by the British Army weren’t granted solely to British Army soldiers вЂ“ they are often granted to workers through the other armed solutions too. Through the 2nd World War, for instance, some people of the Royal Air Force received British Army prizes. Exactly the same will additionally apply to the Royal Navy and RAF, in order that, as an example, a true range airmen associated with the Fleet Air Arm, a branch regarding the Royal Navy, received RAF prizes.
4. International awards to Britons and British honors to international servicemen and females (from 1854)
These honors are established into the London Gazette underneath the heading вЂForeign OrdersвЂ™.
For draft variations of London Gazette notices 1914-1928 browse WO 388 by guide. Some of those announcements that are pre-publication annotated. The papers in this show (WO 388) are arranged by nation. WO 388/6 to 15, including indexes in WO 388/8 to 15, can be obtained to download online (you can install the indexes totally free).
Military honors exchanged between Uk and foreign armies from 1946 onwards are searchable by title and award when you look at the tips (WO 373) on line. These can consist of those perhaps maybe not showing up into the London Gazette.
Some lists can be found by you of Foreign honors within FO 83 (before 1906) and FO 372 (after 1906). Locate files containing these lists making use of the Foreign workplace correspondence indexes during the National Archives. It really is thought why these listings aren’t comprehensive.
5. Laws and policy files (from 1854)
Generally speaking, you are able to search our catalogue because of the medal title or its abbreviation to see if you can find any policy files. There are lots of series that is specific document the regulations regulating the prize of medals.
For policy files on medals, see series ADM 1 rule 85, ADM 116 rule 85, AIR 1, AIR 2, HO 45 rule 30, MT 9 rule 6, T 300 and T 333 and WO 32 rule 50.
6. The manufacture and design of medals (1805-1986)
Purchases for gallantry medals (especially into the century that is 19th could be associated with information on recipients and of the action that resulted in the honor. Take to show MINT 16, MINT 20, MINT 24 and MINT 25. Search our catalogue with key phrases such as for instance вЂawardsвЂ™ or вЂdecorationsвЂ™.
7. Replacing and medals that are claiming
Contact the Ministry of Defence for campaign along with other medals given after 1939. Medals granted before 1939 can not any longer be changed.
8. Further reading and other resources
Online learning resources
The Ministry of DefenceвЂ™s Uk armed forces medals booklet, available from GOV.UK. Listings the medals awarded for service into the british forces that are armed associated with a graphic for every medal.
Listings of Victoria Cross recipients announced within the Gazette for the very first World War in 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917, 1918 and 1919.
Go to the National ArchivesвЂ™ bookshop for a variety of available magazines about Uk army gallantry medals. Most of the publications here are obtainable in The nationwide ArchivesвЂ™ Library for assessment at our building in Kew.
Peter Edwards Abbott and John Michael Allen Tamplin, British Gallantry prizes (London, 1981)
Michael Maton, Honour The Recipents of Foreign honors (Honiton: Token Publishing 2013)
William Spencer, Army Records for Family Historians (3nd edn, The nationwide Archives, 2008)